Cascading Style Sheets Level 2 Revision 2 (CSS 2.2) Specification

W3C Editors' Draft 04 September 2015

This version:
Latest version:
Latest version of CSS level 2:
Latest version of CSS:
Editors' draft:
Bert Bos <>
Former editors:
Tantek Çelik <>
Ian Hickson <>
Håkon Wium Lie <>
Chris Lilley <>
Ian Jacobs <

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This specification defines Cascading Style Sheets level 2 revision 2 (CSS 2.2). CSS is a style sheet language that allows authors and users to attach style (e.g., fonts and spacing) to structured documents (e.g., HTML documents and XML applications). By separating the presentation style of documents from the content of documents, CSS simplifies Web authoring and site maintenance.

CSS 2.2 is the second revision of CSS level 2 [CSS2]. It corrects a few errors in CSS 2.1, the first revision of CSS level 2.

It supports media-specific style sheets so that authors may tailor the presentation of their documents to visual browsers, aural devices, printers, braille devices, handheld devices, etc. It also supports content positioning, table layout, features for internationalization and some properties related to user interface.

CSS 2.2 is derived from and is intended to replace CSS 2.1 and CSS2. Some parts of CSS2 are unchanged in CSS 2.2, some parts have been altered, and some parts removed. The removed portions may be used in a future CSS3 specification. Future specs should refer to CSS 2.2 (unless they need features from CSS2 which have been dropped in CSS 2.2, and then they should only reference CSS2 for those features, or preferably reference such feature(s) in the respective CSS3 Module that includes those feature(s)).

Status of this document

This section describes the status of this document at the time of its publication. Other documents may supersede this document. A list of current W3C publications and the latest revision of this technical report can be found in the W3C technical reports index at http://www.w3.org/TR/.

This is a copy of the editors' draft for the next revision of the Recommendation. It is used by the working group as an aid in checking the text of the errata. It is not an official Working Draft.

This document was produced by the CSS Working Group (part of the Style Activity).

The (archived) public mailing list www-style@w3.org (see instructions) is preferred for discussion of this specification. When sending e-mail, please put the text “CSS22” in the subject, preferably like this: “[CSS22] …summary of comment…

This document was produced by a group operating under the 5 February 2004 W3C Patent Policy. W3C maintains a public list of any patent disclosures made in connection with the deliverables of the group; that page also includes instructions for disclosing a patent. An individual who has actual knowledge of a patent which the individual believes contains Essential Claim(s) must disclose the information in accordance with section 6 of the W3C Patent Policy.

This document is governed by the 1 August 2014 W3C Process Document.

All changes since the previous Recommendation are listed in appendix C.

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